The Ditching of Pan Am Flight 6

On October 16, 1956, Pan Am Flight 6, (a Boeing 377 Stratocruiser long-range airliner developed from the C-97 Stratofreighter military transport) departed on a around-the-world commercial passenger flight (N90943) from Honolulu, Territory of Hawaii, at 8:26pm HST on the concluding leg to San Francisco. After passing the point of no return, the number one engine entered an overspeeding regime. The First Officer, who was flying the plane, immediately slowed the aircraft by further reducing power and extending the flaps, then an attempt was made to feather the number one propeller.

The propeller would not feather and the engine continued to turn at excessive RPM. The captain decided to cut off the oil supply to the engine. Eventually, the RPM declined and the engine seized. The propeller continued to windmill in the air stream causing excessive parasitic drag which significantly increased the fuel consumption. Climb power was then applied to the remaining three engines in an attempt to slow the rate of descent. The number four engine then began to fail and soon was able to produce only partial power at full throttle. At 0245 the number four engine began to backfire, forcing the crew to shut it down and feather the propeller.



The crew calculated the additional aerodynamic drag left them with insufficient fuel remaining to reach San Francisco or return to Honolulu. At that time the United States Coast Guard maintained a ship known as Ocean Station November between Hawaii and the California coast. Pan Am Flight 6 was flown to the USCGC Pontchartrain's location and circled the station until daylight. They finally were able to level off at 2,000 feet with just the power of the two remaining engines.

The captain decided to wait for daylight since it was important to keep the wings level with the ocean swells at the initial ditching impact. As fuel was burned off while the plane circled the Coast Guard cutter, they managed to climb from 2,000 feet to 5,000 feet. At that altitude, several practice approaches were made, to ensure that the aircraft would be controllable at low aircraft speeds.

Aware of the Pan Am Flight 845/26 accident the year before, in which a Boeing 377's tail section had broken off during a water landing, the captain instructed the flight's purser to clear passengers from the rear of the aircraft.



At 0540, Captain Ogg notified Pontchartrain that he was preparing to ditch. The cutter laid out a foam path for a best ditch heading of 315 degrees to aid the captain's vision of his actual height above the water. After a dry run, Pan AM Flight 6 touched down at 0615, at 90 knots with full flaps and landing gear retracted in sight of the Pontchartrain, at 30°01.5'N. 140°09'W.



One wing impacted a swell, causing the aircraft to rotate, inflicting damage to the nose section and breaking off the tail. Thankfully, all 31 pax were rescued by the Coast Guard before the last pieces of wreckage sank beneath the waters, at 0635.

The crew, Captain Richard N. Ogg, First Officer George L. Haaker, Navigator Richard L. Brown and Flight Engineer Frank Garcia Jr. received awards for their actions on that day, having prevented any fatalities. Captain Richard Ogg was the first recipient of the Civilian Airmanship Awards presented by the Order of Daedalians.

The passengers were housed in the Coast Guard Cutter's officers' quarters and returned to San Francisco several days later. Amazingly, there were only a few minor injuries among the passengers of Pan American Flight 6.

An investigation report concluded: "An initial mechanical failure which precluded feathering the No. 1 propeller and a subsequent mechanical failure which resulted in a complete loss of power from the no. 4 engine, the effects of which necessitated a ditching."

 

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8 comments


  • Tom Southard

    Probable cause – from Wikipedia:
    An investigation report summarized the incident: “An initial mechanical failure which precluded feathering the No. 1 propeller and a subsequent mechanical failure which resulted in a complete loss of power from the no. 4 engine, the effects of which necessitated a ditching.”3


  • Den

    Accident Investigation Report File No. 1-0121 https://rosap.ntl.bts.gov/view/dot/33563


  • Glen Hawkins

    The C-124 Globemaster II was known as ol shakey. I knew several guys who had flown on the C-97 (Boeing 377) and they called the Cadillac of the Air Force. The B-50 had Curtis electric props and the C-97 used Hamilton Standard Props (hydraulic prop). The C-97 used the R4360’s as well as the B-50 but they were different in many ways. The B-50’s had a magneto for each bank of cylinders where the C-97 didn’t. Both airplanes were very smooth and quiet on the inside. I have several hours of flying in the B-50.


  • Stuart Rulka

    Glad I was not aware of this nickname, and the plane’s history, when flying across the Sahara ( London- Tripoli- Kano-Accra) in the BOAC Stratocruiser, Canopus, in 1959!


  • Gorge Smth

    The USAF version of the Boeing ʻStratocruiser’ was the C-97, and had been developed by basically making the B-29, into a civilian double decker. The engines were the same as used on the later bomber version (B-50).

    The Air Force knickname for the plane was ʻol Shakeyʻ, and was prone to so many in-flight failures the itʻs slogan was ’Three turninʻ and one burninʻ. It was WW-II technoligy, and already functionally obsolete when the first one left the assembly line.

    Dad flew all three and couldnʻt remember how many times they lost engines in flight.


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