Last Flight of the Blackbird



When the SR-71 was retired in 1990, one Blackbird was flown from its birthplace at United States Air Force Plant 42 in Palmdale, California, to go on exhibit at what is now the Smithsonian Institution's Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center in Chantilly, Virginia. On 6 March 1990, Lt. Col. Raymond E. Yeilding and Lt. Col. Joseph T. Vida piloted SR-71 S/N 61-7972 on its final Senior Crown flight and set four new speed records in the process:

Los Angeles, California, to Washington, D.C., distance 2,299.7 miles, average speed 2,144.8 miles per hour, and an elapsed time of 64 minutes 20 seconds.

West Coast to East Coast, distance 2,404 miles, average speed 2,124.5 miles per hour, and an elapsed time of 67 minutes 54 seconds.

Kansas City, Missouri, to Washington, D.C., distance 942 miles, average speed 2,176 miles per hour, and an elapsed time of 25 minutes 59 seconds.

St. Louis, Missouri, to Cincinnati, Ohio, distance 311.4 miles, average speed 2,189.9 miles per hour, and an elapsed time of 8 minutes 32 seconds.

These four speed records were accepted by the National Aeronautic Association (NAA), the recognized body for aviation records in the United States. Additionally, Air & Space/Smithsonian reported that the Air Force clocked the SR-71 at one point in its flight reaching 2,242.48 miles per hour.

Blackbird #972 touched down at Dulles after her final flight. Her engines wound down and her titanium surface cooled on the ramp at Washington-Dulles International Airport outside of Washington, DC. From there she would be quietly rolled into the Smithsonian Institution's Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center Aviation Museum, where she remains to this day.  

Finally, in one great last demonstration of her unique abilities...on October 9th 1999: At the Edwards Air Force Base Open House air show, NASA Research Pilot Rogers E. Smith and Flight Test Engineer Robert R. Meyer, Jr., flew #61-7980, NASA 844, on what would be the very last flight of a Blackbird.  The crowd was treated to a once-in-a-lifetime spectacle...a high-speed pass at no less than Mach 3.2, 80,000ft over their heads. 

Operational highlights for the entire Blackbird family (YF-12, A-12, and SR-71) during her service include :
3,551 mission sorties flown
17,300 total sorties flown
11,008 mission flight hours
53,490 total flight hours
2,752 hours Mach 3 time (missions)
11,675 hours Mach 3 time (total)

"You know the part in 'High Flight where it talks about putting out your hand to touch the face of God? Well, when we're at speed and altitude in the SR, we have to slow down and descend in order to do that."

USAF Lt. Col. Gil Bertelson, SR-71 pilot




  • Luann Arndell

    To the owner, You always provide clear explanations and step-by-step instructions.

  • Charlotte

    Does she refuel like a hummingbird?

  • Justin

    I seem to be confused. Was the last flight of the MILITARY version of the SR-71 in 1990, and this one (a NASA bird) is the last flight of ANY SR-71 model?

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